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Root Canal Treatment

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Endodontics (Root Canal)

Root Canal Treatment, also known as Endodontic therapy. This therapy is a dental procedure, which is carried out when the inner most part of the tooth ‘the pulp’ becomes badly decayed or infected. If left untreated, the tooth will begin to die, and can lead to tooth loss. The diseased pulp is therefore removed to save the tooth and prevent further swelling of an abscess and inflammation.

The tooth anatomy is made up of 3 main parts:

  • Enamel – The hard outer layer of the tooth.
  • Dentine – This forms the core and gives the basic shape to the tooth, which supports the enamel; it is softer than the enamel but harder than bone.
  • Pulp – Is the central part of the tooth which contains nerves and blood vessels and lies within the root canal.

How the Pulp is damaged

Reasons why the pulp may be damaged:

  • Untreated tooth decay – This will cause bacteria to spread through the tooth enamel, dentine and into the pulp.
  • Trauma – A severe injury or crack that affects the pulp.
  • Severe Gum Disease – The gum detaches itself from the tooth, creating a gap between the tooth and gum. Bacteria gets trapped and infects the pulp.

Symptoms for Endodontic (RCT) Therapy

The following symptoms indicate when you need RCT:

  • Pain – It can range between a constant dull ache, severe pain or discomfort when biting on it.
  • A spot may appear on the gum near the infected tooth. This may be fluid that has collected from the root tip, causing a bad taste in your mouth.
  • Gum area gets swollen surrounding the affected tooth.

The Procedure:

RCT may be completed over a single or multiple visits. The root canal is cleaned from active decay and a medication is placed to stop the infection. It is carefully shaped and a sterile filling is then placed to seal the canal.
Diagnostic and treatment x-rays may be taken throughout the procedure. The tooth is then permanently sealed with a long-lasting barrier material.

Following RCT, Dr. Kanowitz strongly recommends a crown to be placed over the tooth, in order to provide protection and strength to the tooth structure.

“There is always a risk for any surgical or invasive procedure.  Hence, before proceeding, we recommend you to seek a second opinion from an appropriately qualified health practitioner.”

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